Anaemia, which is a condition marked by low levels of haemoglobin in the blood, and is a global problem affecting all countries. Iron deficiency anaemia is the most common form, making up about 50% of all anaemia cases. The majority of anaemia can be treated relatively easily and can be prevented by a balanced healthy diet. However, there are certain types of rare anaemia which require special treatment and management for a person to lead an everyday life to some extent.
Recently a 36 years female patient from the Rajgangpur area, suffering from severe anaemic conditions was brought to JP Hospital Rourkela. The patient suffered from pain, breathing problems (shortness of breath & pain), extreme tiredness, headache and dizziness. The patient was admitted under Dr.Lopamudra Sahu, Consultant Medicine. Before coming to JP Hospital, the patient was taken to a govt. hospital where a bottle of blood was administered to her but after some days her condition again started deteriorating. Dr.Lopamudra Sahu after a thorough clinical & lab investigation diagnosed her case as an SCD ( Sickle Cell Disease), suffering from rare sickle cell anaemia, which is quite prevalent in the western region of Odisha. This is a blood disorder where-in red blood cells contort into a sickle shape. The cells die early, leaving a shortage of healthy red blood cells (sickle cell anaemia) and can block blood flow causing pain (sickle cell crisis). Infections, pain and fatigue are symptoms of sickle cell disease.
The patient was immediately put on medications and was advised to eat an adequate amount of fruits, vegetables, and whole-wheat grains. Doing so can help your body make more RBCs. Drinking more water was also advised to reduce the chances of sickle cell crises. Gradually patient started recovering and was discharged once her condition improved.
According to Dr.Lopamudra “Sickle cell anaemia is an inherited blood disorder. Because it’s a genetic condition someone is born with, there is no way to prevent the disease. However intake of folic acid supplements daily, choosing a healthy diet, drinking plenty of water, avoiding temperature extremes, moderate regular exercise etc can help manage this condition”